“金砖”名称的由来是什么?BRICS新解你知道吗?为何选择厦门?一文get金砖必备知识

摘要: 金砖国家都有哪些?BRICS新解你知道吗?2017年金砖国家领导人会晤会标有怎样的寓意?以及为什么会选择厦门?

09-06 05:16 首页 21世纪英文报

金砖国家都有哪些?BRICS新解你知道吗?2017年金砖国家领导人会晤会标有怎样的寓意?以及为什么会选择厦门?这些背景知识干货果断收藏吧~


金砖国家的由来

传统的“金砖四国”(BRIC)引用了巴西(Brazil)、俄罗斯(Russia)、印度(India)和中国(China)的英文首字母。由于该词与英语单词的砖(Brick)类似,因此被称为“金砖四国”。2010年,南非(South Africa)加入后,其英文变为“BRICS”,并改称“金砖国家”。

 

金砖国家由中国、巴西、俄罗斯、印度、南非5国组成。2006年第61届联合国大会期间,中国、巴西、俄罗斯、印度举行首次金砖国家外长会晤,揭开金砖国家合作序幕。2009年,首次金砖国家领导人会晤在俄罗斯叶卡捷琳堡举行。此后每年举行1次领导人会晤。


BRICS is made up of China, Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa. The first BRIC Foreign Ministers’ Meeting was held in 2006 among China, Brazil, Russia and India on the margins of the general debate of the 61st session of the United Nations General Assembly, which drew the prelude for BRIC cooperation. In 2009, the first BRIC Summit was held in Yekaterinburg, Russia. Since then, the Summit has become an annual event. 


2010年12月,中国作为金砖国家轮值主席国,邀请南非加入金砖国家并出席2011年在华举办的金砖国家领导人第三次会晤。金砖国家正式扩为五国,英文名称定为BRICS。


In December 2010, China, as the Chair, invited South Africa to join BRIC and attend the Summit in Sanya, China. BRIC officially enlarged to include 5 countries and the acronym changed into BRICS.


金砖国家合作机制成立10年来,合作基础日益巩固,合作领域持续拓展,已形成以领导人会晤为引领,以安全事务高级代表会议、外长会晤等部长级会议为支撑,在经贸、财金、工商、农业、教育、卫生、科技、文化、智库、友城等数十个领域开展务实合作的多层次架构。金砖国家还建立了新开发银行、应急储备安排、工商理事会、智库理事会等合作机制,推动五国务实合作不断走深走实,并在国际上产生重要影响。


In the 10 years since its inception, BRICS cooperation has continued to consolidate its foundation and expanded to more areas. It is now a multi-level process led by the Summit, buttressed by meetings of the national Security Advisors,Foreign Ministers and other ministerial meetings, and enriched by pragmatic cooperation in dozens of areas such as economy, trade, finance, business, agriculture, education, health, science and technology, culture, think tanks, and friendship cities. Cooperation mechanisms such as the New Development Bank, Contingent Reserve Arrangement, Business Council and Think Tank Council have been established. Pragmatic cooperation has gone to greater depth to yield more fruitful results and exerted important influence globally.

领导人厦门会晤主题


深化金砖伙伴关系,开辟更加光明未来

BRICS: Stronger Partnership for a Brighter Future


2017年合作重点


1月1日习近平主席在对其他金砖国家领导人的致信中表示,金砖国家应该推动厦门会晤在四方面取得进展:一是深化金砖国家合作,促进共同发展;二是加强全球治理,共同应对挑战;三是开展人文交流,夯实民意基础;四是推进机制建设、构建更广泛伙伴关系。


In his letter to his BRICS counterparts dated 1 January 2017, President Xi Jinping pointed out that the Xiamen Summit is expected to make progress in following four areas: 1) deepen BRICS cooperation for common development; 2) enhance global governance to jointly meet challenges; 3) carry out people-to-people exchanges to support BRICS cooperation; and 4) make institutional improvements and build broader partnerships.


2017年金砖国家领导人会晤会标

 

2017年金砖国家领导人会晤会标的主图案既是鼓满的风帆,也是旋转的地球,五种颜色代表着金砖五国。既象征五国团结合作,同舟共济,乘风破浪,驶向更加美好未来,也有着金砖国家在世界政治经济事务中发挥着重要作用的深刻寓意。会标图形既同“深化金砖伙伴关系,开辟更加光明未来”的会晤主题相呼应,也体现了举办地厦门的海洋文化特色。


The main component of the 2017 BRICS Summit Logo resembles both full sails and a rotating earth, painted in 5 colors representing the 5 BRICS countries. The symbolism is two-fold: BRICS countries breaking the waves in the same boat towards a brighter future; and BRICS playing an important role in global political and economical affairs. The Logo brings out the theme of the Summit “BRICS: Stronger Partnership for a Brighter Future”, and brims with the distinct marine culture of the host city Xiamen.


图案下方嵌入金砖国家英文名称“BRICS”、年份“2017”、中国英文名称“CHINA”和红色中国印。印章用中文点明了中国为2017年金砖国家主席国,与英文“CHINA”相辅相成,且采用古字体大篆,有着浓厚的中华传统文化韵味。


At the bottom are the English words BRICS 2017 CHINA and a red seal reading China, highlighting China’s BRICS Chairmanship for 2017. The seal is engraved in Big Seal Script or Dazhuan, an ancient Chinese calligraphic style, giving the logo a specific touch of the traditional Chinese culture.


一张图告诉你为什么选择厦门

 

综合整理:央视网公众号、央视新闻公众号、2017年金砖国家领导人会晤官方网站、人民日报客户端

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